Death Magnetic is the ninth studio album by American heavy metal band Metallica, released on September 12, 2008 through Warner Bros. Records. The album was produced by Rick Rubin, marking the band’s first album since …And Justice for All (1988) not to be produced by longtime collaborator Bob Rock. It is also the first Metallica album to feature bassist Robert Trujillo, and the second to be completely co-written by all of the band’s members.Musically, Death Magnetic is a radical departure from Metallica’s previous album, St. Anger (2003), and is considered a return to the band’s thrash metal roots,with more complex compositions, standard guitar tuning on most songs and long guitar solos from Kirk Hammett and James Hetfield. It also includes the band’s first instrumental (“Suicide & Redemption”) since “To Live Is to Die” from …And Justice for All.Death Magnetic made Metallica the first band to achieve five consecutive number-one studio albums on the U.S. Billboard 200. The album received positive reviews, but its production was criticized as overcompressed and cited as a product of the loudness war. The album and its songs were nominated for six Grammy Awards (five in 2009 and one in 2010) and won three, including Best Metal Performance for “My Apocalypse”. In support of the album, Metallica embarked on the World Magnetic Tour from October 2008 to November 2010. The album was also made available as downloadable content for the Guitar Hero video game series.